Salem District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Tamil Nadu) - Census 2011

Salem district of Tamil Nadu has total population of 3,482,056 as per the Census 2011. Out of which 1,781,571 are males while 1,700,485 are females. In 2011 there were total 915,967 families residing in Salem district. The Average Sex Ratio of Salem district is 954.

Salem district, Tamil Nadu

As per Census 2011 out of total population, 51% people lives in Urban areas while 49% lives in the Rural areas. The average literacy rate in urban areas is 79.7% while that in the rural areas is 65.7%. Also the Sex Ratio of Urban areas in Salem district is 975 while that of Rural areas is 934.

The population of Children of age 0-6 years in Salem district is 344960 which is 10% of the total population. There are 180002 male children and 164958 female children between the age 0-6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011 the Child Sex Ratio of Salem is 916 which is less than Average Sex Ratio (954) of Salem district.

The total literacy rate of Salem district is 72.86%. The male literacy rate is 72.13% and the female literacy rate is 58.83% in Salem district.

Population
3,482,056
Literacy
72.86%
Sex Ratio
954

To facilitate the administration, Salem district is further divided into 9 Talukas (Taluka/Tehsil/Tahsil) which are administrative divisions denoting sub-districts. Talukas consists of multiple villages and a few towns.

Salem Data as per Census 2011

As per the Population Census 2011 data, following are some quick facts about Salem district.

Total Male Female
Children (Age 0-6) 344,960 180,002 164,958
Literacy 72.86% 72.13% 58.83%
Scheduled Caste 580,512 294,062 286,450
Scheduled Tribe 119,369 60,489 58,880
Illiterate 1,196,494 496,464 700,030

Caste-wise Population - Salem district

Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 16.7% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 3.4% of total population in Salem district of Tamil Nadu.

Total Male Female
Schedule Caste 580,512 294,062 286,450
Schedule Tribe 119,369 60,489 58,880

Religion-wise Population - Salem district

Religion Total Male Female
Hindu 3,326,357 (95.53%) 1,704,451 1,621,906
Muslim 95,487 (2.74%) 47,581 47,906
Christian 53,841 (1.55%) 26,134 27,707
Sikh 412 (0.01%) 235 177
Buddhist 174 (0%) 94 80
Jain 992 (0.03%) 516 476
Other Religion 246 (0.01%) 132 114
No Religion Specified 4,547 (0.13%) 2,428 2,119

Literacy Rate - Salem district

The total literacy rate of Salem district was 72.86% in 2011 which is less than average literacy rate 80.09% of Tamil Nadu. Population-wise, out of total 2,285,562 literates, males were 1,285,107 while females were 1,000,455. Also the male literacy rate was 80.24% and the female literacy rate was 65.15% in Salem district.

  Salem district Tamil Nadu
Female 65.15% 73.44%
Male 80.24% 86.77%
Total 72.86% 80.09%

Sex Ratio - Salem district

The Sex Ratio of Salem district is 954 . Thus for every 1000 men there were 954 females in Salem district. Also as per Census 2011, the Child Sex Ration was 916 which is less than Average Sex Ratio ( 954 ) of Salem district.


Population Density - Salem district

The total area of Salem district is 5,237 km2. Thus the density of Salem district is 665 people per square kilometer. As per the initial provisional data of Census 2011, around 676 sq. km. area is under urban region while 4,561 sq. km. is under rural region.


Urban/Rural Population - Salem district

As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Salem, 50.95% people lived in urban regions while 49.05% in rural areas. The total figure of population of urban population was 1,774,122 out of which 898,297 were males while remaining 875,825 were females. In rural areas of Salem, male population was 883,274 while female population was 824,660.

The average sex ratio in urban regions of Salem was 975 females per 1000 males. Also the Child (0-6 age) sex ration of urban areas in Salem was 935 girls per 1000 boys. Thus the total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Salem were 171,539 which is 9.67% of total urban population. Similarly the average sex ratio in rural areas of Salem was 934 females per 1000 males. The Child sex ratio of rural areas in Salem was 898 girls per 1000 boys.

The average literacy rate in Salem for urban regions was 79.67 percent in which males were 85.79% literate while female literacy stood at 73.43%. The total literate population of Salem was 2,285,562. Similarly in rural areas of Salem, the average literacy rate was 65.74 percent. Out of which literacy rate of males and females stood at 74.57% and 56.32% respectively. Total literates in rural areas of Salem were 1,008,761.

Rural Urban
Population % 49.05% 50.95%
Total population 1,707,934 1,774,122
Male population 883,274 898,297
Female population 824,660 875,825
Sex ratio 934 975
Child sex ratio (0-6 age) 898 935
Child population 173,421 171,539
Literates 1,008,761 1,276,801
Average literacy 65.74% 79.67%
Male literacy 74.57% 85.79%
Female literacy 56.32% 73.43%

Child Population - Salem district

According to Census 2011, there were 344,960 children between age 0 to 6 years in Salem district. Out of which 180,002 were male while 164,958 were female.


Working Population - Salem district

In Salem district out of total population, 1,694,160 were engaged in work activities. 92.1% of workers describe their work as Main Work (Employment or Earning more than 6 Months) while 7.9% were involved in Marginal activity providing livelihood for less than 6 months. Of 1,694,160 workers engaged in Main Work, 247,011 were cultivators (owner or co-owner) while 396,158 were Agricultural labourer.

Total Male Female
Main Workers 1,561,030 1,022,417 538,613
Cultivators 247,011 143,968 103,043
Agriculture Labourer 396,158 188,008 208,150
Household Industries 132,700 83,877 48,823
Other Workers 785,161 606,564 178,597
Marginal Workers 133,130 61,380 71,750
Non Working 1,787,896 697,774 1,090,122

Salem district Map


Reference